Pethapur State

Pethapur State
Princely State of British India
13th century–1940
Area 
• 1901
29 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
5,616
History 
• Established
13th century
• Attachment Scheme and merger with Baroda State
1940
Succeeded by
Baroda State

Pethapur State was a small princely state belonging to the Mahi Kantha Agency of the Bombay Presidency during the era of the British Raj.[1] It was centered on Pethapur village, in present-day Gandhinagar district of Gujarat State,[2] a place renowned for block-making.[3]

History

In the 13th century, King Pethasinh of Pethapur ruled over Shertha town. After the death of parmar Pethasinh, the Gujarat Sultanate of Patan used this land as battle ground. Sultan Ahmed Shah decided to move his capital from Patan to a new city, and built Ahmedabad. In 1960, Bombay state was split in two different states, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Ahmedabad became capital of Gujarat, and a new capital city was to be built on land which was once part of Pethapur state.[citation needed]

The state was ruled by the Baghela dynasty of Rajputs.[citation needed] Rawal Virajmal, son of Rao Kiratsinghji of Idar State, was succeeded on 12 April 1882 by his son Rawal Dipsinhji Sheosinhji, born in 1863.[citation needed]

On 1 February 1940 Pethapur State became the first petty princely state to be subject to the Attachment Scheme, being integrated with Baroda State.[4] The last ruler was Fateh Singh, born 3 October 1895 who nominally ruled till Indian independence while the process for joining India was active. Finally Baroda State acceded to the Indian Union on 1 May 1949.[citation needed]

Rulers

The rulers of Pethapur State bore the title BAPU,THAKUR.[citation needed]

  • c. 1650 – .... Punj Singh
  • c. 1700 – .... Ranchhod Singh (son)
  • 1700 – 1800 (unknown number of successors)
  • after 1800–.... Ade Singh
  • .... – 1861 Bhawan Singh
  • 1861 – 1879 Himat Singh (son)
  • 1879 – 1896 Gambhir Singh (son)
  • 1896 – 1948 Shri Fateh Singh (son) (has issue)

See also

References

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 127.
  2. ^ Pethapur S.O Post Office – Gandhinagar, Gujarat
  3. ^ Block Making at Pethapur Village
  4. ^ McLeod, John; Sovereignty, power, control: politics in the States of Western India, 1916–1947; Leiden u.a. 1999; ISBN 90-04-11343-6; p. 160

Coordinates: 23°13′N 72°33′E / 23.217°N 72.550°E / 23.217; 72.550