Location of district in Gujarat
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Formerly known as Kaira district, it was divided in two with the southern part becoming Anand district in 1997. The Charotar region of Kaira consisted of four talukas (sub-districts): Anand, Borsad, Nadiad, and Petlad. When the district was divided, Nadiad Taluka went with Kheda district and the other three with Anand district. Today, Kheda has eleven Taluks - 1 Nadiad(City),2 Thasra, 3 Kapadvanj, 4 Mehmedabad, 5 Kathlal, 6 Matar, 7 Mahudha,8 Kheda,9 Nadiad(Rural),10 Galteshwar and 11 Vaso Balasinor and Virpur, once in Kheda district are moved to the newly formed Mahisagar district in 2013.
During the Indian independence movement in the first half of the 20th century, the Patidars of the Charotar region and other areas in Kaira resisted the British in a number of standoffs, notably the Kaira anti-tax campaign of 1913, the Kheda Satyagraha of 1918, the Borsad Satyagraha of 1923, and the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928.
According to the 2011 census Kheda district has a population of 2,299,885, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 197th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 541 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,400/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.81%. Kheda has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 84.31%.
- Govardhanram Tripathi (1855–1907) Writer; born in Nadiad.
- Manilal Nabhubhai (1858–1898) Writer and philosopher; born in Nadiad.
- Ravji Patel (1939–1968) Modernist poet and novelist; born in Vallavpura village.
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875 – 1950) Indian freedom fighter and first Home minister of India; born in Nadiad
- Indulal Yagnik (1892-1972) an Indian independence activist, a leader of the All India Kisan Sabha and one who led the Mahagujarat Movemen
- "History of Anand District". Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.
- Heredia, Ruth (1997). The Amul India Story. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-07-463160-7.
- "Gujarat Administrative Divisions 2011" (PDF). Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2011.
- Satyagraha means the nonviolent resistance popularised by Gandhi. Gandhi, Mahatma K. (1951). Non-Violent Resistance (Satyagraha). New York: Schocken. p. 189–190. OCLC 606004619.
- Heredia 1997, p. 10 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHeredia1997 (help)
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
New Mexico - 2,059,179
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Joshi, S. (1969). "Life against Death: The Poetry of Ravji Patel". Books Abroad. 43 (4): 499–503. doi:10.2307/40123774. JSTOR 40123774.