Amreli District location in Gujarat, India.
|• District Collector||Aayush Oak|
|• District Development Officer||Yogesh Nirgude|
|• Total||7,397 km2 (2,856 sq mi)|
|• Rank||19 of 26 in Gujarat|
|• Density||200/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||IST (UTC+05:30)|
Amreli district is one of the 33 administrative districts of the state of Gujarat in western India. The district headquarters are located at Amreli. The district occupies an area of 6,760 km2 and has a population of 1,514,190 of which 22.45% were urban (as of 2011). Amreli is the land of Yogiji Maharaj, Danbapu, Sage Muldas, Sage Bhojalrambapa, Sage Muktanand Swami, Magician K.Lal, Zaverchand Megahani's place (Bagasara), Dr. Jivaraj Mehata etc. Amreli covers Gir National forest sanctuary area. Now it is developing as a Hub of Education.
Origin of name
Amreli district name derives its name from the town of Amreli, which is the headquarters of the district. It is believed that during the year 534 AD, Amreli existed as a city place with name Anumanji. After that the name was Amlik and then Amravati. The ancient Sanskrit name of Amreli was Amarvalli.
Initially, Amreli was a small village with an ancient history, and part of various kingdoms and empires established in the area. It shot into prominence, turning from village to town, when the Marathas began acquiring territory and establishing their reign over the region in 1780s. Besides levying taxes on the other rulers of the Kathiawar Peninsula, the Gaekwads also acquired their own territory and chose Amreli as the headquarters for their "Kathewad Pranth", which included Dwarka mandal. Vithalrao Devaji was appointed the Diwan (1801–1820), and during this period, Amreli grew and prospered. Vithalrao Devaji converted much of the adjoining forest land into farm land to realise revenue and also built the Nagnath Mahadev temple. Later in 1886, under the Gaikwad regime, compulsory and free education policy was adopted in Amreli for the first time. From 18th century to 1959, Dwarika and Okhamandal was part of Gaikwad - Amreli state but after 1959, those two cities were merged with Jamnagar district.
During the British raj, the Maratha Gaekwad dynasty organised its Baroda State into four administrative prants (equivalent to British Districts), namely Baroda itself, Kadi (the largest), Navsari and Amreli, the smallest.
After independence the district became the part of Bombay State and a separate district in Gujarat State after the bifurcation of Bombay State.
Amreli has a variety of soils such as Medium black, loamy, sandy, rocky inferior and saline.
Amreli district is industrially backward area. There are some small industries like oil mills spread over the district.
The economy depends upon agriculture. Agro-based industries are also well developed in the district. Mainly groundnut, cotton, sesame, bajri, wheat, and grams are grown therein. Fishery is an important sector in Rajula and Jafrabad talukas.
The district has 4 industrial estates under the GIDC (Gujarat Industrial Development Centres), two of which are in Babra. District has 4822 Small Scale Industries and 5 Medium Scale Industries in which Rs.4947.35 lakh is invested. 16,640 employments are generated through this industrial centres. Pipavav, Jafrabad and Victor ports are situated in the coastal district.
Gem cutting and polishing industries are located in Babra, while Savar Kundla taluka is famous for its weighing machines for diamonds across the country. Gold plating units in Bagasara city. The diamond trading industry is also well developed.
Rajula is famous for rajula stones which are famous worldwide.
Babra is famous for Ginning industry with more than 50 ginning and pressing factories.
The district comprises 11 talukas.
According to the 2011 census Amreli district has a population of 1,514,190, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 329th in India (out of a total of 640).
The district has a population density of 205 inhabitants per square kilometre (530/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.59%. Amreli has a sex ratio of 964 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.49%.
The most popular temples in the city of Amreli are Nagnath Temple, Gayatri Temple and Shreenathji Haveli. The other tourist places in Amreli district are Tulshishyam, Una, Sarkeshvar Mahadev, Balana (Jafarabad), Delvada, Holi-Dharin Nana Visavadar, Vakuni-Dhar, Hanuman Gada, Satadhar, Galadhara-Khodiyar Temple and Khodiyar dam and Kankai.
- Bhoja Bhagat was a saint.
- Yogiji Maharaj - Sadhu Gnãnjivandas (23 May 1892 – 23 January 1971), commonly known as Yogiji Maharaj, was a Hindu sadhu and guru who is recognized as the fourth spiritual successor to Swaminarayan by the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam
- , a Hindu sadhvi and guru in swaminarayan sampraday and spiritual successor of Jivu Ba(mota Ba).
- Jivraj Narayan Mehta first Chief Minister of newly formed Gujarat state.
- Ramesh Parekh, famous poet of Gujarat.
- kalapi was a famous writer & poet and was also Thakor of Lathi.
- Kavi Kant was famous gujarati poet born in chavand village of lathi.
- Manubhai Kotadia politician.
- Muktanand Swami was a sadhu and paramahansa of swaminarayan sampraday.
- Savji Dholakia , the Indian diamond merchant from Surat and the founder of Hari Krishna Exports Pvt. Ltd. , hails from Dudhala village.merchant.
- , Managing Director of , only BSE listed company of Amreli district. He is one of the largest employment generator and a social worker who works on various projects helpful for the development of the city.
- "List of districts of Gujarat". www.census2011.co.in.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2009-08-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- "Satadhar :: Official Website of Shree Satadhar Temple | Shree Aapagiga Ni Jagya, Satadhar, Suarashtra, Gujarat, India". www.satadhar.com.